# Linear expand-contract plasticity of ellipsoids revisited

### Abstract

This work is aimed to describe linearly expand-contract plastic ellipsoids given via quadratic form of a bounded positively defined self-adjoint operator in terms of its spectrum.

Let $Y$ be a metric space and $F\colon Y\to Y$ be a map. $F$ is called non-expansive if it does not increase distance between points of the space $Y$. We say that a subset $M$ of a normed space $X$ is linearly expand-contract plastic (briefly an LEC-plastic) if every linear operator $T\colon X \to X$ whose restriction on $M$ is a non-expansive bijection from $M$ onto $M$ is an isometry on $M$.

In the paper, we consider a fixed separable infinite-dimensional Hilbert space $H$. We define an ellipsoid in $H$ as a set of the following form $E =\left\{x \in H\colon \left\langle x, Ax \right\rangle \le 1 \right\}$ where $A$ is a self-adjoint operator for which the following holds: $\inf_{\|x\|=1} \left\langle Ax,x\right\rangle >0$ and $\sup_{\|x\|=1} \left\langle Ax,x\right\rangle < \infty$.

We provide an example which demonstrates that if the spectrum of the generating operator $A$ has a non empty continuous part, then such ellipsoid is not linearly expand-contract plastic.

In this work, we also proof that an ellipsoid is linearly expand-contract plastic if and only if the spectrum of the generating operator $A$ has empty continuous part and every subset of eigenvalues of the operator $A$ that consists of more than one element either has a maximum of finite multiplicity or has a minimum of finite multiplicity.

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*Matematychni Studii*,

*57*(2), 192-201. https://doi.org/10.30970/ms.57.2.192-201

Copyright (c) 2022 O. Zavarzina, I. Karpenko

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